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Spiritual capital of Poland
 

Spiritual capital of Poland

Soon after its foundation Krakow became the spiritual capital of Poland. In 1000 A.D. Krakow diocese was established, and the city became a popular destination for Christian pilgrimages. News of miracles performed through the intercession of St Stanislaus, a murdered Krakow bishop, spread all over the country, gathering at his grave an increasingly large crowd of pilgrims. The bishop was first buried in St Archangel Michael’s church “on the Rock” (today’s Church of St Archangel Michael and Bishop Stanislaus the Martyr, Polish: Kościół św. Michała Archanioła na Skałce), and then moved ceremoniously to the Wawel Castle Cathedral, where he has been resting for the last 900 years. St Stanislaus, who was allegedly murdered by the King Boleslaus the Bold, was the first on the long list of Krakow’s saints and the blessed, on which there are also St Queen Jadwiga, St Brother Albert and St Faustina. In the 15th century Kraków was famous for having been home to 6 people who died in sanctity, therefore the 15th century is often called felix saeculum Cracoviae – Kraków’s happy century. The city still attracts many pilgrims, especially those who travel to visit the Sanctuary of Divine Mercy (Sanktuarium Bożego Miłosierdzia), which has become one of the most important sanctuaries in the world devoted to Christology (a field of study within Christian theology which is concerned with the nature of Jesus the Christ).

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